Dr Cynthia Chu

Why do I need a filling?


Signs and symptoms of needing a filling

There are many instances in which a filling is required. Normally dental fillings are needed when there is a cavity caused by one of the following:

  • tooth decay (caries) due to sugary diet and bacteria forming acids that dissolve the enamel and dentine. If left untreated, cavities can lead to serious dental problems – including pain, infection and abscess.
  • enamel loss due to wear and abrasion causing sensitivity
  • fractures caused by trauma
  • crack lines due to weak tooth structure and heavy bite or grinding
  • a broken or lost filling.

Some symptoms and signs that may indicate a filling is needed:

  • Noticeable holes which are seen with the eye or felt with the tongue
  • sensitivity to heat or cold or pressure
  • toothache
  • pain on biting or chewing
  • floss that keeps tearing in a particular gap
  • Discolouration or shadowing of tooth surfaces.
  • rough tooth surface.

Because most cavities start silently, without symptoms or pain, it is important to see your dentist for regular check-ups and dental care. Your dentist will manually examine your mouth and if necessary take X-rays to check between your teeth.

Fillings serve to stop further tooth decay and restore the function, integrity and morphology of the missing tooth structure.

Five different types of filling materials are used:

  1. amalgam
  2. composite resins that are tooth coloured fillings
  3. ionomers – also tooth coloured fillings that release small amounts of fluoride
  4. gold
  5. ceramic/porcelain fillings – which are custom produced for larger fillings that need external surfaces of the tooth covered.

The right filling choice for you will depend on your dentist’s recommendation and your personal preference and budget.

In general, placing a filling involves four stages:

  1. Anaesthetic (optional). The area is made numb to minimise discomfort during the procedure.
  2. Preparation of tooth. The
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Dr Martin Poon

What is the cost of braces?


Understanding the costs of braces and Invisalign

So you are ready to invest in your smile and ready to have your teeth straightened. But how much do braces actually cost?

You start Googling, talk to friends who have been through braces and discuss your options with your local dentist or specialist orthodontist.

You may quickly find out that there are many different options and quotes. So how do you choose? Do you go with the cheapest? Or do you go with the most expensive thinking it has to be the best?

There are several factors that contribute to the cost of braces, these include:

  • severity of the condition being addressed as to the length of treatment required;
  • type of braces used; and
  • the level of experience of your treatment provider.

Firstly, the more involved the treatment, the higher the cost of braces may be. A simple treatment that may take six months would be less than that of someone who requires two to three years of orthodontic treatment including the removal of teeth and oral surgery to correct their bite or position of their jaws.

Secondly, the type of braces used will impact upon the cost of your treatment.

Conventional braces are still the most commonly used orthodontic appliance and many still consider these the “gold standard”. It’s one of those rarities in life: effective, efficient and the least expensive.

However, if the appearance of metal is not to your liking, there are also ceramic or clear braces. These often achieve the same result but are more aesthetically pleasing. This will often cost you more due to the increase in value of the materials used.

Clear braces are made out of a ceramic material and there are many brands on the market. Together with the use of

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Dr Jacques Theron

What are the differences between dental bonding and veneers?


Improving teeth aesthetics with dental bonding

When wanting to change the shape, length, width, colour and overall appearance of your front teeth, your dentist will probably discuss two options with you: dental veneers and dental bonding. Both, when done well, can enhance the beauty of your smile.

Direct composite bonding, also known as dental bonding, is a process whereby a composite resin material is directly bonded to your tooth to hide minor imperfections, fix small chips and close small gaps. This method can also be used to place a composite filling.

Direct composite veneers can be bonded in one visit, having been manufactured by your dentist without the involvement of a laboratory. However, they are not as strong as the alternative. Also, directly bonded veneers lose their lustre after a while and need to be polished and maintained more often than porcelain. On the upside, they are the cheaper alternative.

Porcelain Veneers are made by a ceramist in a dental laboratory after a dentist has shaped the proposed teeth. With the advancement of Digital Smile Design technologies, it has become so much easier for patients to become more involved with the aesthetics of their smile and the final outcome. In most cases digital veneers can be custom-made and placed for patients to view before the dentist has so much as picked up a mirror.

Porcelain veneers are still the paragon of aesthetics when it comes to creating beautiful smiles. This is because ceramists nowadays use a plethora of porcelain shades and opacities to create what are virtually works of art.

The main advantage of veneers over dental bonding is that they are stronger and more flexible, which makes them less susceptible to fracturing. In some twenty years of practice I have noticed a higher propensity for patients to

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All your conventional braces questions answered

My denture is broken, can it be fixed by my dentist on the spot?


You have a denture to which you don’t give much thought. With this denture, you eat well, speak clearly, and most importantly, smile proudly.

Then, a clasp breaks off the denture, or worse still, a tooth. Disaster! What do you do about this and what options are available to you?

Firstly, and most importantly, call Smile Solutions. We have dentists available seven days a week and will see you at your earliest convenience.

The first person you will speak to is a Smile Solutions receptionist who will require a brief description of what has happened and when you will need the repaired denture socially and functionally. Most importantly, the receptionist will ask if you have a spare denture.

We understand that it is far from ideal to go about your daily routine with a broken denture, or a missing tooth, and we will fit you in to see a suitable dentist or prosthetist as soon as possible.

When you meet the clinician, explain what has happened and when you need the denture back. Tell them, also, if you have a spare denture.

Repairs can be done in one of two ways: in the dental chair or at a specialist laboratory.

In many cases, the chairside repair is somewhat of a temporary fix. Unless repaired by a prosthetist, repairs done this way will involve a cold curing acrylic (plastic), which will not last as well as the laboratory heat-cured acrylic.

During the working week, most repairs sent to our trusted laboratories will be completed the same day the denture is sent away. As most labs are closed on weekends, there may be delays for work needed on Saturdays or Sundays. This is where your spare denture comes into play.

A spare denture can be prepared when you have

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The Benefits of Crest Whitestrips

Crest Whitestrips have changed the way that people whiten their teeth. Before the introduction of this product, most of us depended on the old fashioned approaches to getting a whiter, brighter smile. Some of these tactics were less than perfect and others cost a lot of money.

I used to pay quite a bit of cash to get my teeth professionally whitened. Now I just use Crest Whitestrips once a year instead. Some may think that the kit is a little pricy but I have no idea where you can get better results for less money. In fact, my teeth whitening trips to the dentist cost well over a hundred bucks.

The Crest Whitestrips are a real money-saver as far as I’m concerned and they are very easy to use. I love choosing a time of year that is particularly difficult to maintain a healthy diet. There is a little trick to using Crest Whitestrips that can actually help you stick to a healthy diet no matter what holiday celebration you face.

Not only do you get a gleaming smile, but you also keep your figure in check. I use  Crest Whitestrips twice a day for two weeks, as instructed. I choose to use the teeth whitening product during times that I am tempted to indulge in a fatty or sugary treat. Instead of going for a donut in the afternoon, I put on the Crest Whitestrips.

Since you have to wait thirty minutes for the whitening strips to work completely, I find that the craving for the snack has vanished. By the time I brush, rinse and admire my smile, I no longer want to snack on junk food.

The second dose of Crest Whitestrips is applied later in the evening when I usually want to grab a bag … Read the rest

Be the First to Know What an Old Pro is Saying About Cleaning Your Teeth

One of the most common complaints of many folks is the floss is hard to slip between close teeth. Needless to say, we now know that this really isn’t the circumstance, there are a number of things you’ll be able to do to hold your teeth clean and healthful right into old age, including removing plaque. Horizontal brushing may supply you with psychological satisfaction, but won’t actually clean your teeth. After the usage of teeth whitener, so that you may brush off the extra whitener that’s left on your own teeth and gums.

We all want not only a attractive smile, but healthful teeth and gums. You are going to be able enough to eat in your new teeth as well as being able to have your own picture taken with a massive smile again. We’re going to have a look at ways to get cleared of plaque, and the reason it’s crucial that you do that. These are fast and simple ways to fix a smile and for that reason enhance the individual’s self-confidence in public.

Of the 3 molars, the very first molar is the largest, as well as the third molar (also called wisdom tooth) is the smallest. One other important phenomenon related to tooth movement is bone deposition. The biting part of each and every tooth is known as crown. Thus, It’s called the twelve-year-old tooth.

It’s essential to become expert advice in order to know whether you are in need of a easy solution, or should you turn to your own dental health professional. On the opposite hand, removing plaque is nearly trivial, everything you need to accomplish is to keep up a daily dental cleaning routine, and make use of the proper products. Everything you need to is the proper products, in addition to … Read the rest

Lies You’ve Been Told About Home Teeth Whitening Kits

There are lots of different whitening products and kits out there. Now, however, the very best teeth whitening kits will provide you with the exact results as professional grade treatments, plus it’s cheap. The truth is in cases the whitening gel is virtually the same! Peroxide is an important contributor to eliminating the ever precious tooth enamel and any teeth-whitening kit containing it’s a complete and total no-no.

Crest White Strips are a basic teeth-whitening method that is performed for 30 minutes at one time. Tooth whitening could be the present craze, which claims to improve your smile and completely change your look easily. Lots of the home teeth-whitening products available today are a really good value and may help supply you with the white and bright smile you would like. Certainly, another alternative is to go with products which are particularly designed for those who have sensitive teeth.

Today there are a number of techniques and merchandises available to bleach your teeth. If you prefer the very best smile possible, this written composition will reveal the strongest teeth whitening solutions. In the meanwhile you may use a number of the very good whitening tooth paste to keep the whiteness. If you like bleach white teeth which have lasting results, and don’t ask you to purchase and make use of the materials over and over, your very best bet is to utilize the exact same exact products that dentists use.

Home Teeth Whitening Kits for Dummies

In the event your teeth are beginning to look only a little yellow and unattractive, you might want to think about employing a house tooth whitener kits. Some products will merely turn your teeth several shades whiter, while some are going to have really impressive results. To receive the same results utilizing a house … Read the rest

The Appeal of Teeth Whitening Products

The market is filled with teeth-whitening products and selecting the best one for your needs can be rather challenging. There are several varieties of teeth-whitening products so all clients can have the shape of the item which they prefer. Lots of the home teeth-whitening products available today are a fantastic value and may help provide you with the white and bright smile you want. Typically, teeth-whitening products are found at a pharmacy. However, it might be in your very best interest to consult with a dentist and acquire some teeth-whitening advice first.

Toothpaste isn’t hard to use and doesn’t require any extra time since everyone brushes their teeth at least twice per day. Whitening strips are very effective, yet they also are usually fairly gentle in your teeth. This is really a method which can be used at home to acquire white teeth. The pain might be sudden, sharp and could shoot deep in the nerves of your own teeth.

There seems that there isn’t any damage done when teens bleach occasionally, utilizing the correct goods, consequently there shouldn’t be any risk involved. Due to this, anyone bleaching their teeth should be sure that the specific whitener they’re using is safe, and that they understand how to use the product within an proper manner. In addition, There are some strong chemical components used in teeth-whitening products which makes the entire process challenging. Nearly all of the reviews portray the true picture but it should be kept in your mind that different folks will have distinctive reactions to different products.

Home teeth whitening has changed into a very huge business since it’s much less expensive to do-it-yourself along with the procedure was simplified enough to make it simple to do at home. The issue with home teeth-whitening products could be the … Read the rest

Get Rid Of Your Yellow-Colored Teeth With The Whitening Teeth Secrets

Yellow teeth is something that many people have to deal with. These yellow-colored teeth are an issue for many people and often individuals try not to even open their mouths if they are talking. This particular embarrassment is a thing that other people with clean white teeth, have never had to face.

Many people opt for the use of a dental professional to have them bleach their teeth. Of course this will work however most people really don’t have the extra money to have this done as it’s not covered by insurance. Of course there are the over the counter treatment options which are less expensive. These sorts of teeth whitening systems can not only be bad for you but they additionally never provide you with the results your trying to find.

The best thing concerning this program is that it is a natural way to whiten your teeth. This will keep you from hurting your body with the unsafe chemicals in other teeth whitening methods. And one of the best things is that you can acquire everything you need to whiten your teeth for just a couple of bucks. All of the items you will use to whiten your teeth are all natural products, so it’s not necessary to worry about any harsh chemicals.

Your stains on your teeth are just covered up with those whitening programs, instead of getting rid of them they simply mask them. Something you will learn about this method is that you will actually remove the stains and not just cover them up.

This system comes with a forty four page guide which describes everything to you step by step. However that is not all due to the fact you will also receive 3 videos which are over 120 minutes long demonstrating to you … Read the rest